2020 Navigation Guidelines
Tuesday May 26th, 2020


Source: Italian Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport updated on 18 May 2020

We provide below to the users of the nautical pleasure some specific indications on the modalities of use of pleasure craft with the aim of reconciling the norms of social distance with the exercise of pleasure sailing, with a view to a gradual resumption of activities.
The individual responsibility of all users of recreational activities remains an essential element to give effectiveness to general social distancing measures such as:

– avoid close contact between the occupants of the boat where more than one;
– adequate sanitation of the environment of the unit;
– interpersonal distance of at least one metre,
– nose and mouth protection for passengers on board.

In particular, it is the responsibility of all users to report promptly the emergence of particular symptoms such as fever, symptoms of respiratory infection, cough and any other event attributable to a possible presence of the virus, in order to ensure the immediate isolation of the person at risk according to the procedures identified by the Ministry of Health, warning the competent health authorities and emergency numbers for the COVID-19 provided by the Region where the event takes place and by the Ministry of Health.

Regulation of recreational craft for commercial use

The maximum number of transportable persons will be established on the basis of the capacity of the unit and on the possibility to implement the measures of social distance previewed and put into effect in the marine section for the local public transport, with the limitation of the tickets and the predisposition of bollards to the session (1 mt away).
Personal protective equipment for each occupant and surface sanitizer must be provided on board.
Responsibility for compliance with this obligation shall be borne by the commander of the unit.
The working and playful activities in the section of the Nautical are conformed to the indications supplied from the Ministry of Health, with regard to the protection of the health of the persons in key of prevention and reduction of the “risk from contagion” the during their development.
In particular, it shall:
1) the use of storm protection for the entire crew during mooring, bunkering and approach to other boats;
2) the duty to comply with the regulations for movements in the Region and between the Regions;
3) the obligation to comply with international anti-counterfeiting regulations while sailing outside the national territorial waters.

For companies that carry out in commercial form activities related to recreation or water activities (excursions, diving, rental and rental of leisure units, fishing tourism etc…) it will be necessary to strengthen the cleaning services of the units used where necessary, including through the use of specific machines that allow the disinfection of the boat’s premises and other company sites (ticket offices, warehouses). Disinfection shall take place on board the units used during their stay in port, taking care that the disinfection operations do not interfere with or overlap with the commercial activity of the unit. In rooms open to the public this will concern the surfaces frequently touched as buttons, handles, or coffee tables and can be carried out with water and detergent followed by the application of disinfectants of common use, as suitably dosed ethyl alcohol or sodium hypochlorite.

1. Particular types of use of the unit: bareboat
For the use of a recreational unit for rent, the same rules of prevention apply in the case of use of the private recreational unit.
In the event that the unit is leased by more than one group of people who do not live in the same housing unit is compared to a house. People are housed in the same cabin just in case they live in the same housing unit. For the landlord, however, it is necessary to provide a specific requirement to sanitize the unit at each use, even if it is use by the hour (for example, in the case of hiring small sailing or motor boats for short sailing). Obviously the obligation of sanitization extends to all the premises of which is made up of the rented recreational unit, with particular reference to the living rooms (cabins, toilets, kitchen and dining rooms, outdoor and indoor sun loungers, passageways, dashboard, etc.), but also to engine rooms and services.
It will also be necessary, for the lessor, to provide the unit with appropriate supplies of sanitation products, together with the display of various information boards, written in several languages, to make the tenant and his guests aware of the need for prophylactic hygiene measures.
In the case of hiring a skipper by the lessee, the provisions of the charter for the crew will apply.

2. Particular types of use of the unit: crewed charter
In the case of the use of recreational craft with crew carrying out a work activity on board, a distinction should be made between obligations on the part of the charterer, obligations on the part of the crew and obligations on the part of the chartering guests. As for the charterer/shipowner, the same requirements as for the charterer as above (sanitization of the unit at each use, with particular reference to living rooms such as cabins, toilets, kitchen and dining rooms, outdoor and indoor sun loungers, passageways, dashboard, etc.).
Crew living rooms (their cabins and hygienic rooms) must also be periodically sanitized, or in any case, when one or more crew members are alternated.  With regard to the crew, the preventive obligations of the crew are no different from those of each worker who has contact with the user: Obligation to use masks and gloves and any other protective equipment according to the type of unit. In particular, the use of these protective devices is always mandatory during mooring, bunkering and possible towing by marine boats. For the crew also, being in some cases subjects that can be called to perform first aid maneuvers (as in the case of the Commander for which it is mandatory the elementary first aid course and BLS) prior (prior to embarkation) and periodic Covid-19 positivity testing should be required, the outcome of which should be kept on board. It is however provided for the mandatory measurement of the temperature of the crew members, with daily frequency. The crew must also take care to prevent access on board other persons when the unit is stationed in a port or marina.
In case the unit is rented by more than one group of people who do not live in the same housing unit, the housing of the same in the cabins must take account of this circumstance so that no persons are housed in the same cabin who do not live in the same housing unit.
As far as charter guests are concerned, the general rules on social distance and interpersonal prevention measures apply: in the field of social distance, there may not be a numerical limit (up to a maximum of 12 passengers per rental) only in the case of rental guests living in the same accommodation unit.
 In all other cases the shipowner/charterer shall provide for a remodeling of the maximum number of persons accommodated according to the above-mentioned parameter of one person per metre of linear length of the unit, including crew members.